Preventing teenage hiv infection and pregnancy essay



Without treatment, the infection might progress to an advanced disease. Thirty percent of teenage girls who drop out of high school cite pregnancy or parenthood as a primary reason. Pregnancy Among Teens Teenage pregnancy has been a prevalent issue in our society for many decades. 3. HIV is spread through contact with blood or sexual fluids (like semen and vaginal fluids), usually during vaginal and anal sex. There are about 4,000 new cases of HIV or AIDS each year among the 13 to 24 year old age group Teen pregnancy prevention is a national priority. Educate yourself before you inject drugs or have sex, even if you think it's safe or "not real. Read more about the PrEP trial to prevent against HIV infection. Further, about half of all new HIV infections worldwide, or nearly 6,000 cases per day, occur in young people [6] HIV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). All pregnant women are offered a blood test to check if they have HIV as part of preventing teenage hiv infection and pregnancy essay routine antenatal screening. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) reported that there are more than 20 million died from HIV-AIDS globally For teens who have sex during pregnancy, STDs such as chlamydia and HIV are a major concern. However, pregnancy in adolescence (i.e. She is not promiscuous but she enjoys the company of men from time to time. – Stereotypes related to hiv/aids and stds and their association with marginalized groups (e.g., sex workers) contribute to blaming women for the spread of hiv As a result of the age–sex disparity in HIV acquisition, HIV prevalence in young women is high, and represents a substantial treatment burden [5,8]; for example, between 2009 and 2013, 27% of women less than 20 years attending antenatal clinics in a rural sub-district of KwaZulu-Natal were found to be HIV positive (unpublished).On a population level, the high incidence in young women is. HIV prevention programmes are interventions that aim to halt the transmission of HIV. Without medication, it may take years before HIV weakens your immune system to the point that you have AIDS There's no cure for HIV/AIDS, but medications can dramatically slow the progression of the disease About HIV and AIDS. 9. Describe the impact of HIV/AIDs on individuals, family and the community under the following headings Educational, Economic, Social, Demographic, Psycho-emotional, Religious ECONOMIC Countries with high national debts and low GNP such as Mozambique experience greater. Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is necessary to understand the associated risk and protective factors in order to appropriately implement prevention efforts. HIV/AIDS statistics reveal that young adults and teens aged 13 to 24 years old make up 13 percent of the total HIV/AIDS infected population. Sawhill enumerate steps to be taken that will have the potential to maintain the progress made over the past decade in reducing teen and out-of-wedlock pregnancies.. Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk for HIV infection and other STDs, including chlamydial infection, gonococcal infection, and trichomoniasis“ ---U.S. The day is an annual event, held on 11 July to focus on global population issues The government should pay for birth control in the same way it funds the prevention of HIV-AIDs and other medical conditions. There is some evidence that pregnancy prevention programs reduce sexual activity, increase use of contraceptives, reduce STIs (Goesling 2014 *), and reduce teenage pregnancy (Goesling 2014 *, Harden 2009 *, Cochrane-Oringanje 2009 *).However, effects vary by program and additional evidence is needed to confirm effects (Campbell-Scher 2006 *).Programs that focus on specific skills and take. Groups most affected by HIV in Botswana Women Women are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. find themselves pregnant at least once before age 20 1.The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy relays that approximately 47.8 percent of all high school students report having sexual intercourse HIV, Other STD, and Pregnancy Prevention Education in Public Secondary Schools — 45 States, 2008–2010. 2 Teen. HIV is a virus that targets and alters the immune system, increasing the risk and impact of other infections and diseases. STI/HIV/AIDS and Adolescents: The Extent of the Problem Globally, over 100 million STIs occur each year in people under the age of 25 years [5], and an estimated 11.8 million people aged 15-24 were living with HIV by mid-2002. This report, Teen Pregnancy Prevention: Exploring Out-of-School Approaches. Avoid drugs and alcohol. This makes it difficult for your body to fight off infections and certain kinds of cancer.